What your comments mean to Our Ancestors?

A lot!

This was Linda’s comment last week on Our Ancestors…

I have some additional information on the family of Amable Benoit dit Livernois and Elisabeth Vasseur dite Bellisle. In addition to Joseph Treffle and Alexander, they had five more children. After Amable’s death, Elisabeth with all of the children except Treffle moved to Hinesburg, Vermont. She married Joseph Gotier, but I don’t know if the marriage took place in Canada or in Vermont. Elisabeth died April 22, 1892 and is buried in Rhode Island Cemetery in Hinesburg. Joseph died in Jericho, Vermont, on January 24, 1895, and is buried with Elizabeth.

Other children of Amable and Elizabeth– Julie/Julia, was born in St. Charles sur Richelieu 7 March 1831. She married in Canada before 1850 Carlos Baisner, son of Peter and Margaret (Maynard) Baisner. Carlos had several land transactions with Julia’s brothers Belonia and Francis and with her mother. Julia died 29 October 1906 in Hinesburg.

Charles was born in St. Charles 1 June 1832. Charles enlisted in the army on 9 June 1862. He was captured on 2 February 1864 and sent to Andersonville Prison in Georgia where he died in December 1864. His name is on the same stone as his mother and step-father in Rhode Island Cemetery in Hinesburg.

Amable/Amos was born in St. Charles on 15 April 1834. Before 1859 he married Emily Shepard, daughter of William and Lucy (Little) Shepard. The couple eventually divorced. Amos moved to Worcester, Massachusetts, around 1890. About the turn of the century he moved to Marlboro, New Hampshire, where he died 28 October 1906.

Belonia (Belona, Balonia, etc.–many different spellings) was born in St. Charles 31 July 1838. About 1868 he married Rebecca Phillips, daughter of Solomon and Susan (Sherman) Phillips. In 1870 he and his wife and child were living with his mother and step-father. By 1880 the family had moved to Huntington, Vermont, where he lived the rest of his life. He died there 28 September 1916. He is the only child of Amable and Elizabeth for whom I could not find a baptismal record in the St. Charles-sur-Richelieu parish records. His Vermont death record lists his parents as Amos and Elizabeth (Belisle) Benoit.

Francois/Francis was born in St. Charles 2 October 1840. About 1866 he married Celinda Ash. The couple later broke up. He lived in Hinesburg and later in Jericho, where he lived with his daughters Irma, who owned a dairy farm, and Ida. Francis died 1 October 1923 in Jericho and is buried in Rhode Island Cemetery in Hinesburg. His name is on the same stone as his mother, step-father, and brother Charles.

All of these children, with the exception of Charles, had children.

Linda Mathew

As usual I have entered this information on my private family tree on Ancestry. Then I said to myself…

You know what? This whole idea of keeping my family tree set on private maybe is not such a good thing after 9 years, especially with close to 50,000 files and 10,000 images…

I think I could share it with the whole world like so many people did. 

This is why last week my family tree on Ancestry has been set on public.

Next time on Our Ancestors? 

What about learning more about Beloni Benoît dit Livernois who became… 

Belonia (Belona, Balonia, etc.–many different spellings) was born in St. Charles 31 July 1838. About 1868 he married Rebecca Phillips, daughter of Solomon and Susan (Sherman) Phillips. In 1870 he and his wife and child were living with his mother and step-father. By 1880 the family had moved to Huntington, Vermont, where he lived the rest of his life. He died there 28 September 1916. He is the only child of Amable and Elizabeth for whom I could not find a baptismal record in the St. Charles-sur-Richelieu parish records. His Vermont death record lists his parents as Amos and Elizabeth (Belisle) Benoit.

Stay tuned!




Alexander Bennett’s Brother Trefflé Benoît dit Livernois

Liza got me confused until she realized I had copied Alexandre’s grandparents instead of his parents.

Amable and Élisabeth had many more children. One son I found was Trefflé born in 1829. He would marry Philomène Bernard and fathered many children: Joseph, Philomène, Régina, Uldéric, Adélard, Phillias, Esdras, Arzélie.

Esdras Benoit emigrated to the United States. He married Sarah Allard. Adélard also emigrated to the U.S. He married Ellen Catherine McCarthy. All this information came either from the 1861 and 1871 Canadian censuses or from Ancestry’s hints that I was able to validate.

Trefflé Benoit dit Livernois died in 1889. Nothing more has been found about Philomène Bernard except for her potential ancestors. This finally closes this dossier of Alexander Bennett, aka Alexandre Benoît dit Livernois, a young French-Canadian who enlisted in the Union Army and deserted. The story is all here.

Next time Osias Sauvé and Liza’s old pictures…

Being Almost 100% Sure?

I had a feeling about my last post…

I saw your post below about a Benoit ancestor so I sent the link to a cousin of mine. She is a direct descendant of Paul Benoit dit Livernois (1623-1686) and is a genealogy fanatic also.

We saw that you believe Alexandre Bennett/Benoit is the son of Francois Benoit dit Livernois & Angelique Fontaine dite Bienvenu. However, according to PRDH, their son Amable died in 1841 in Ste-Charles-Sur-Richelieu. What is way more likely is that your Alexander Bennett was Alexandre Benoit (no Livernois) born 14 Oct and bap 15 Oct 1833 in Montreal. This Alexandre was the son of Jean Baptist Benoit & Emilie Migneault dite Labrie, and the grandson of Pierre Benoit (b abt 1744 in Acadia, d 1814 in St-Luc, Que) who was deported as part of the Acadian expulsion.

I hope this helps and does not confuse things even more.



Alexander Bennett story might not be over after all, so stay tuned.

However a new chapter of Our Ancestors is coming soon. It’s about a comment made in 2012 and a little search for distant relatives in Ontario.

Keep those comments coming!

He Was at Gettysburg

I am sure third cousin Joe will be interested in this one. These are raw notes I had kept a few years back.

Hello Vermont

My name Is Dan Hrlic and I am looking fo Info on a Peter Dubia and Laura Banes or Barney. Peter was my great-great-grandfather on mom’s side from Williston, Vermont and Westmister also Tiltion New Hamshire area.

Laura remarried a Joseph Roberts

Children of Peter and Laura

Born Died Married

Fredrick 4-01-1869 10-15-1869

Angie 6-19-1870 ? Jack Johnson

William Colby

Julia 4-16-1872 11-04-1886

Abraham 5-25-1874 Linda Brake change from Furige

Mathilda 9-27-1875 6-1954 Louis Lavigne

Freddie 3-19-1878 5-02-1960

John 7-29-1880 5-08-1959 Josephine Clairmount

Clara 6-05-1883 1972 Andy Olsen

Frank 8-21-1885 Laura Weeks

Lewis 12-09-1889 12-12-1889

Hellen 3-24-1891 1972 James Broughy

If any one has any info please me at dhrlic@yahoo.com (not working)

Thank you

Dan Hrlic

More raw notes…

Cemetery Database

Virtual Cemetery Dubia, Peter


Age: 25, credited to Williston, VT

Unit(s): 13th VT INF

Service: enl 9/10/62, m/i 10/10/62, Pvt, Co. F, 13th VT INF, m/o 7/21/63

See Legend below for expansion of abbreviations


Birth: 1837, Canada

Death: 1898

Burial: Saint Patricks Cemetery, Newport, NH


Remarks: None

May include siblings or parent who were soldiers, location of death vs. burial, etc.

Pension?: Yes, widow Laura, minor

Photograph: Unknown

Gravestone Findagrave Memorial #: 0

Cenotaph Findagrave Memorial #: 0 If there is anything besides a zero (0) here, click on the number; there may be additional information available there (also, if we have a photo, there is not a dedicated effort to find/locate Memorials, if we don’t have one, please send it)

Marker/Plot: Not recorded

Gravestone researcher/photographer: Heidi McColgan

Cenotaph researcher/photographer:


Great Grandfather of Brian Dubia, Franklin, NH

Great Granduncle of Judi Bough, Cortland, NY

Are you a descendant, but not listed? Register today.

Brian wrote his on a forum…

I thought that if there are any Dubias that may be connected to my Abram they might like to know that he had a son Pierre (Peter) who served in our Civil War. He enlisted on Sept 10 1862 with the 13th Vt co. E Inf. from Williston, Vt. He was at Gettysburg. He was born about 1835-37. My brother is a Civil War re-enactor who has a book all about the 13th and I have asked him to find out what other campaigns the 13th were at as we know he was wounded. He mustered out July 21 1863 at Brattleboro Vt.

You never know when raw notes might become handy on Our Ancestors. Peter Dubia was a household name on this blog along with his father Abraham and his mother Geneviève Ballard dit Latour.

This is what is so interesting about genealogy… it never stops. There is always something to feed your frenzy. I have gathered so much information about this family I feel like an adopted descendant.

Having found on Ancestry a photo of Peter Dubia that was shared in 2010 by Scott Lovely made my evening last night.

And I am not even related…

One clue leads to another… Update

The update is at the end of the post…

After Jeffrey commented on the Campbells, Don Daniel added this:

Hello to my Lagace/ Lagasse relatives. My research leads me to suspect but not prove that my 3rd great-grandfather may have been Daniel McKinnon, probably a member of the 78th Fraser Highlanders who occupied Quebec City and the surrounding area from 1760 to December 1763. Together with Marguerite Euphrosine Hamelin dit Pagnol, he may have fathered a child born on 9 September 1762 in Grondines. The evidence is merely circumstancial, but Jeffrey’s post adds to it. He was probably around 37 at the time. If he is the father, he abandoned his child and her mother and eventual settled in Berthier-sur-Mer where he married (presumably for the first time) in 1768. With his wife, Marie Angelique Rinfret-Malouin, he fathered another 17+ children and died in 1802.

Don Daniel

As always I got curious which led me to find this on the Internet.

About Daniel Macanneville OR McKinnon

Don Daniel

Marguerite Euphrosine and Daniel never married. He is not the father of ME as listed above. If Daniel Macaneville is Daniel McKinnon, then he did marry, in 1768, Marie Angelique Rinfret dit Malouin. Is it possible that this mystery man is Daniel McKinnon? Here are my hypotheses, guesses, and “hard” (?) facts. Let me list some not necessarily in the most logical order.

Pierre Daniel Macanneville is my 2nd g-gf. His marriage contract of 13 Jan 1798 identifies him as illegitimate, but marginalia identifies “Daniel Macanneville” and Marguerite Eurphrosine Hamelin dit Pagnol as his unwedded parents. There is no record of any such Macanneville (variously spelled phonetically) in any other Canadian records or UK records that I have scoured. I believe the way the name was spelled reflected the way it sounded to the notary writing the document. The “Mac” part of his name suggests a person of Gaelic/ Celtic/ Scottish/ Irish origin consistent with the majority of my DNA. (We refer to him as “Alleycat”: he came, he saw, he seduced, he left.) More on this below. Marguerite Euphrosine is well-documented. Born 1745. Died 1820. Resident of Grondines, located along the St. Lawrence just SW of Quebec City. No record indicates she ever married. No baptismal certificate lists her as a mother. But an illegitimate child born 9 Sep 1762 in Grondines and baptized “Pierre” has a Charlotte Hamelin as godmother. No mention of mother but I am assuming that this Marguerite’s and Alleycat’s son. She never married. Another link between Marguerite and Pierre Daniel Macanneville, the groom in 1798, is that the marriage needed a dispensation for “third degree of consanguinity.” This meant that people knew Pierre’s provenance. Pierre married Rose Chavigny. Her grandmother Genevieve Chavigny married Joseph-Marie Hamelin dit Pagnol. So, if Pierre is the son of Marguerite Hamelin and marrying a Chavigny, then a dispensation would be needed in view of the earlier Genevieve Chavigny-Joseph Hamelin marriage. This nails down for me that he is the son of Marguerite. As for Alleycat’s paternity, if he was in the 78th Fraser Highlanders —the rolls list Donald McKinnon—he could be the father. The 78th was garrisoned in and around Quebec at the time. If he was born in 1725, he would have been around 37 yrs old when Pierre was born. I cannot believe that he was celibate all that time. If he is the one who married Angelique Rinfret in 1768, then he would be 53. For him to father 17 (as per my records) or 20 kids (as per yours) with her boggles my mind. Records concerning both Pierre Daniel Macanneville and Daniel McKinnon reveal a near score of “aliases”: McKinville, McKinval, McBonneville, McBanvil, McKendit, Kinnine, Kinnal, and others including phonetic variants. Even Daniel McKinnon’s burial certificate refers to “Daniel M. Kinnon” and “Daniel M. Kinnan.” Pierre’s daughters used different variants within their lifetime and his burial certificate uses McBanvil.

In Diane Perron-Latour’s family tree in Geneanet, she says of Daniel Macaneville:

“Il est possiblement Sieur Daniel McKinal qui a épousé Marie Angélique [Rinfret-] Malouin.” She may be right. In several sites, variants of McKinnon include Maccan, Macannan, Macannon, Mckinal, Mahinal, McKinlay, McKenne, and the like–all close variants that drop the “vil” or “ville” extension. Also, see following from NOSORIGINES: Prénom: Daniel Nom: McKinnon Sexe: M Occupation: Naissance: 1725 Paroisse/ville: Pays: Écosse Décès: 22 février 1802 – âge: 77 Paroisse/ville: Berthier, Montmagny Pays: Canada Information, autres enfants, notes, etc. Le premier seigneur en 1781 de Matane était Donald McKinnon qui arrive en 1759 avec Wolfe. Il est négociant et soldat et il marie le 22 avril 1765 à Montréal Françoise Tanon. On trouve sa sépulture le 9 août 1792 à Rimouski. Il n’ont pas d’enfant. Dans un testament devant le notaire Pinguet le 29 mai 1780 il nomme comme héritier son neuveu Donald McKinnon. Ce Donald n’est pas identique avec Daniel, époux de Angélique Rinfret-Malouin. Daniel McKinnon ne vient jamais à Matane. Il demeurait à Berthier ou il excerce le métier d’aubergiste cabaretier. Il meurt en 1802 à Berthier et il a 77 ans. Gérard Caron avance comme naissance le 7 novembre 1725, Gorvan, Lanark, Écosse. Nous n’avons pas de preuve pour cela. Il est l’ancêtre de toutes les familles McKinnon de Matane (Source: Les vieilles familles de Matane: Famille McKinnon)

Family Search L8PY-M5W refers to him as Sieur, but is wrong. The sieur is Donald, sieur de Matane. And adds: Christening 07 NOV 1725 Govan,Lanark,Scotland It also lists parents Hugh McKinnon and Margeret Mclain w/ no indication of marriage and no further info about them.

He was 43 yrs old when he married. He was a soldier with Wolfe in 1759 in the Quebec area, If Pierre was indeed born in Sep 1762, then DM could have been the father. He is probably associated with the 78th Fraser Highlanders who occupied Quebec at the time. The rations list for the 78th at the time of disbandment lists several Donald McKinnons. Acc to (Re‐printed from Tasmanian Ancestry, Vol. 8, No. 3 , December 1997) INTERCHANGEABLE SURNAMES AND PERSONAL NAMES IN SCOTTISH HIGHLAND REGISTERS AND THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFICATION by Alan G. Macpherson, it was common to substitute Donald and Daniel and one website refers to “Donald–Daniel McKinnon.” And there are several Donald and Daniel McKinnon floating about at that time.

Acc. to

http://www.gaspejohnpaterson.ca/pages/78regiment.pdf: 1761

passed uneventfully with companies spread out from Levis along the south shore of the St. Lawrence as far as Riviere-du-Loup.

Don told me he was the author and asked for my help. I told him he seems to be the expert, but I could take a quick look. That was before he added…

It would be wonderful if you can move this beyond supposition and into proven fact. (PS: My mother was Marie Adeline Yvette Amabellisse Lagace.)

Don and I are distant cousins!

Now the update!

This is a comment left by a reader:

Donald and Daniel McKinnon are two different persons. Donald died in 1791 in Matane. His wife was Françoise Tanon, who died in 1790. They had no children. Daniel married Angélique Rinfret (dit Malouin) and died in 1802. He never came to Matane. However, Daniel is the ancestor of the McKinnons from Matane. His grandchildren moved to Matane, with no link to the sieur Donald McKinnon. Many sources confound them for this reason; linking the Matane MacKinnon to sieur Donald, while they actually descend from Daniel. I’ve seen some sources citing Angélique Rinfret dying in Matane in 1790. This is not true, her death act can be found easily on websites such as ancestry.ca. She died in Berthier in 1811. Françoise Tanon died in 1790 in Matane. These two persons are definitely different.

Also this was added:

Daniel McKinnon is often referred to as « Daniel McKinal » in the French documents.

Intermission – Père de “Pite”

I wonder what’s the real given name of “Pite”.

Pierre? Pitre?

Annick doesn’t have a faintest idea who wrote the captions. She told me she just scanned the 17 old pictures.


This one is somewhat interesting.

The date and the location of this 1910 photo were written with the names using a ball-point pen!

Partie de sucre 1910 chez Arthur Dubé à St-Eusèbe.

Who wrote Oncle Joseph Dubé Père de Pite Dubé?

To be continued…

As for what I think who was beside Napoléon Dubé?

She would be his daughter Catherine born around 1914. The photo would have been taken in 1917. Catherine married Harold Silvernail and they had two daughters, Dorothy and Lillian.

Napoléon Dubé’s daughter or granddaughter?

Annick asked me if I could find out who’s the little girl.

If finding out who were these people was kind of easy…
Pamela Dubé

This one is not that easy.

Napoléon Dubé

I am almost sure the girl is Catherine, Napoléon Dubé’s daughter, but she could be also any one of his granddaughters.

She could be one of the daughters of Aurelia, Laura, or Lillian who were Napoléon’s daughters from his first marriage? Or she could be the daughter of his son Arthur? Or she could be one of Catherine Dubé’s daughters, Dorothy or Lillian Silvernail…

I guess we will never find out unless someone shares more family pictures to compare them with this one.

While we are waiting, we can look at this 1910 picture and figure out who were all these people.

temps des sucres 1910

And later write about these new photos…

What was a Hessian? – Update

See the comment at the end of this post.

Am I digging to deep when looking for ancestors?

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When you find one of your ancestors, or someone’s ancestor, you want to find more about him.

Click here.


This period image shows Hessian soldiers as heartless warriors.

Was Chrétien Lemaire a Hessian?

Was Chrétien Lemaire a heartless warrior?

Read on…

Every school child in America has heard the term “Hessian” in the context of Washington having crossed the Delaware to attack them on Christmas night in 1776. Few people know anything about them, or, if they do, they have a rather “cartoonish” image. In some circles the term has become synonymous with “soldier of fortune,” perhaps because, even in the 18th Century, they were referred to as “mercenaries”.

We must begin by noting that our current concept of a unified, German nation (in no way to be confused with the more recent fall of the Berlin Wall), is a product of the 1870’s. The Germany of the 18th Century was what was left of the old “Holy Roman Empire” of the Middle Ages. It was a somewhat bewildering collection of separate, and autonomous, city-states, duchies, and principalities as large and important as Prussia, and as small and nearly forgotten as Anhalt-Zerbst.

When trying to understand their role in the American Revolution, it is important to recognize that one of these principalities was Hanover, which was governed by it’s “Elector”. That “Elector” happened to be George III of Great Britain (hence the current ruling family of Britain is still, technically known as the “House of Hanover”). Great Britain traditionally relied on its impressive, defensive “moat” — the English Channel, and always maintained a relatively small army in peacetime. These German city-states, being a part of Continental Europe with few natural boundaries, of necessity, had to maintain comparatively large, standing armies for their own safety. Many regarded Great Britain as a natural ally and fought alongside her as such during the Seven Years’ War and earlier conflicts.

Hessian troops

Rich Buser
Hessian reenactors show their drilling style at a Park event.


Being a Constitutional Monarchy, Britain was one of the more liberal governments on Earth. The economy was generally in good shape, so labor was almost always at a premium. Consequently, Britain always found it difficult to raise many new regiments for its army during times of war. Those new men it did recruit (or impress), needed to be trained. The new regiments needed to be exercised with others to become militarily viable. The German princes would often see Britain’s military needs as opportunities to, at the same time:

  • assist an ally
  • provide combat experience for their officer corps
  • keep a portion of their own regiments embodied while someone else was paying for their upkeep.

The soldiers were themselves only mercenaries in the sense that they were paid for their service to their own ruler, just as any member of the U.S. Military is today. A “soldier of fortune” would be someone who acted, on his own, in a sense as a “free agent”, contracting his services to whoever would pay him. In all, George III was able to contract with six of his fellow German princes for the use of some of their troops:

  • Hesse-Cassel
  • Brunswick
  • Hesse Hanau
  • Anspach-Bayreuth
  • Waldeck
  • Anhalt-Zerbst
  • Friedrich, Landgraff of Hesse-Cassel, by far, contributed the most men, so today, as then, we tend to refer to them all as “Hessians” for convenience. This is technically incorrect, but has become a kind of convention to ease understanding. All three of the regiments who occupied Trenton, in December of 1776, along with the detachments of artillery and jaegers (or riflemen), were, in fact from Hesse-Cassel, thus, truly Hessians. They were:
  • The Grenadier Regiment Rall
  • The Fusilier Regiment von Knyphausen
  • The Fusilier Regiment von Lossberg

All of these regiments were under the command of Col. Johann Gottlieb Rall. As grenadiers and fusiliers, they considered themselves elite units and thus, all the enlisted men wore a form of the well known, tall brass miter cap.

These units had already served with valor at the Battle of Long Island, the Battle of White Plains, and the taking of Ft. Washington in the several months prior to their occupation of Trenton.


Chrétien Lemaire was with the Hesse Hanau Chasseur Corps. That I am sure of.

Did Chrétien Lemaire fight in the U.S. against the Patriots?

Chrétien Lemaire

Chrétien was with Creuzbourg’s Jäger Corps.

Creuzbourg’s Jäger Corps (Jäger-Corps von Creuzbourg) was an independent Jäger battalion raised by the county of Hesse-Hanau and put to the disposition of the British Crown, as part of the German Allied contingent during the American Revolutionary War. The corps fought at the Battle of Oriskany, although mostly serving as garrison of different Canadian posts. (Wikipedia)

Maybe he fought in one battle.

The Battle of Oriskany, fought on August 6, 1777, was one of the bloodiest battles in the North American theater of the American Revolutionary War and a significant engagement of the Saratoga campaign. Early in the siege of Fort Stanwix, an American relief force from the Mohawk Valley under General Nicholas Herkimer, numbering around 800 men of the Tryon County militia and a party of Oneida Indians, approached in an attempt to raise the siege. British commander Barry St. Leger authorized an intercept force consisting of a Hanau Jäger (light infantry) detachment, Sir John Johnson‘s King’s Royal Regiment of New York, Indian allies from the Six Nations and other tribes to the north and west, and Indian Department Rangers totaling at least 450 men.

The Loyalist and Indian force ambushed Herkimer’s force in a small valley about six miles (10 km) east of Fort Stanwix, near the present-day village of Oriskany, New York. During the battle, Herkimer was mortally wounded. The battle cost the Patriots approximately 450 casualties, while the Loyalists and Indians lost approximately 150 dead and wounded. The result of the battle remains ambiguous to this day because the advantage of the Loyalist victory was countered when a party sortied from Fort Stanwix and sacked their camp, spoiling morale among the Indians.

This was one the few battles in the war where almost all of the participants were North American: Loyalists and Indians fought against Patriots in the absence of British soldiers. For the Iroquois nations, the battle marked the beginning of a civil war, as Oneidas under Colonel Louis and Han Yerry allied with the American cause and fought against members of other Iroquois nations. (Wikipedia)

For what I was able to find out, most of the Hesse Hanau soldiers stayed in Canada from 1777 to 1783. I guess we will never be certain Chrétien Lemaire fought at the Battle of Oriskany.

For more information on Germans in the American Revolution, you can click here.


– Chrétien what will you do after your discharge?
– I am going to stay here, get married to a lovely fraulein, and raise a family.


Comment made about this post.

Pierre was right except that he forgot to mention the Anspach-Bayreuth troops that were part of that 30,000 soldiers…some two thousand of them. They fought well at Newport and Elizabethtown, NJ and were captured at Yorktown along with their flags. They were imprisoned at Frederick, MD until 1783 when they were “freed” to go back to Germany. My ancestor, George Christhilf did not. A musician, he not only played for his militia unit, but also Gen. Washington at the City Tavern in 1787, and the patrons of the city’s events and in 1792 with Phile and Roth, etc. at Harrowgate. He died in the Yellow Fever epidemic of 1793 with a couple of his children, but his surviving son, Heinrich, came to Baltimore and fought against the British in 1814. You can read about George on academia.edu. Thank you, Nick

More reading



Nick Christhilf, family genealogist, informs me that his “G4 grandfather,” George Christhilf, served during the Revolutionary War as a German auxiliary fighting for the British in 1777 while in his early twenties. He was captured, released, and rather than return to Germany, he defected to the United States, and subsequently joined the Philadelphia County Militia in 1784. He lived in the German area between Vine and Race Streets in Philadelphia where he befriended Trenier, Shultz, and Spangenberg, all named in the list of musicians providing entertainment for Washington in 1787. He died in the 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic.


Who is the little girl?

I am now certain the caption written with a ball-point pen under this photo is wrong.

Pamela Dubé is there with her husband Napoléon Dubé and a young girl….
Pamela is also seen on these two pictures.

The first caption is right. But both captions on the photos taken in Bristol are wrong. Julie Anna Dubé, Pamela’s sister, and Évariste Dubé never lived there!
Which brings us to this question…
Who is the little girl who looks to be two years-old at the most?

She’s not Délima because Napoléon and Pamela never had a girl named Délima.

My guess is that she is Antoinette Dubé born in 1903 and who died on January 31st 1911.
closer look
I am sure you remember how this story started back in 2012…

Pamela Dubé 1863-1946

And how it’s ending…
Pamela Dubé