Étienne d’Aigle dit l’Allemand

A little French lesson this Monday morning, and another kind of lesson later on how to track down Stephen Dague who married Marian Duby, both ancestors of Judi.

This information was taken on the Internet when I was searching for Judi’s roots and Marian Duby aka Marie-Anne Dubé, the mother of Mrs. Laselle.

Marian Dube, Dubé, Dubay, Dubie… was married to Stephen Dague whose real name I believe was Étienne Daigle if what I found is correct.

I know the following information is quite long, but I want to make a point about what I said last time: Start small, start slow…

It’s about the first Daigle ancestor who came to New France.

I will translate for Judi who said in a comment that she is blessed, and can’t read French…

Jean DAIGLE dit LALLEMAND est le fils de feu Georges D’EGME et de Marie CHAUVAIN, vivant à Vienne en Basse Allemagne, Autriche où il est né. Jean DAIGLE est donc le premier autrichien recensé en Nouvelle-France.

Jean DAIGLE dit LALLEMAND was the son of predeceased Georges D’EGME and of Marie CHAUVAIN, living in Vienna in Lower Germany, Austria where he was born. Jean DAIGLE is thus the first Austrian who was listed in a census in New France.

Il fait partie de la recrue arrivée à l’automne de 1668. Marie de l’Incarnation parle de cette recrue « comme d’une marchandise mêlée : des Portugais, des Allemands, des Hollandais et des femmes maures…» Le 6 décembre suivant, il abjure la religion de Luther en faveur du catholicisme. Mais ce n’est qu’à partir de 1673, à l’aide des documents d’époque, que l’on peut retracer les principaux événements de sa vie.

He was part of a group of people recruited who came to New France in the fall of 1668. Marie de l’Incarnation characterized the group  «as mixed merchandise: Portuguese, Germans, Dutch and Morish women…»

Marie de l’Incarnation on Wikipedia

On December 6 of the same year, Jean Daigle who was a follower of the Lutheran Church converted to Catholicism. But it’s only starting in 1673 that we are able to track him down with documents that sheds lights on the main events of his life.

À l’été 1673, et selon la coutume de Paris, Jean DAIGLE fait face à la justice. Son intervention dans une querelle entre gens ivres et son opposition aux ordres du chef de police qui intervenait dans cette altercation, le conduisent en prison pour 15 jours. Une condamnation de 10 livres et « défenses à eux de récidiver sous peine de la mort ».

In the summer of 1673, according to the coutume de Paris [the Custom of Paris was the main source of legislation in New France until the British conquest], Jean DAIGLE faced justice. His intervention in a quarrel between two drunk people and defying orders from the chief of police who was intervening in the altercation, sent him to prison for 15 days. He received a fine for 10 pounds and was order by the court not to reoffend otherwise he would be sentenced to death.

Au printemps suivant, Jean DAIGLE achète de Pierre Ledoux une terre située dans le trait-carré de Bourg-Royal à 3 lieues au nord de Québec. Il bâtit sa maison à flanc de colline et s’intègre rapidement à la vie paroissiale. Il a comme voisins immédiats la famille PROTEAU et un peu plus au sud, les Bédard, Chalifour, Mignier, Paradis, Allard, Boutet et bien d’autres.

In the spring of 1674, Jean DAIGLE bought from Pierre Ledoux a piece of land located in the trait-carré of Bourg-Royal  3 lieues [9 miles] north of Québec. He built his house on a hillside and quicky integrated to the parish life. He had as immediate neighbors the Proteau family and a little further south, the Bédard, the Chalifour, the Mignier, the Paradis, the Allard, and the Botet families, and many more.

Le métier exercé cet ancêtre est révélé par un document de 1681 dans lequel on le dit matelot. Le 24 juin 1682, avant d’entreprendre un long voyage au Nord et « dans lequel il se trouve de grands risques », il dicte ses dernières volontés devant le notaire Duquet …

This ancestor’s trade is revealed by a 1681 document where it is written that he is a sailor. On June 24, 1682, before setting sail on a long trip up north and  « in which lie great dangers », he dictated his last will before notary Duquet …

En effet, Jean DAIGLE dit LALLEMAND fait partie d’un équipage de 29 marins qui accompagne Radisson et Des Groseilliers à la Baie d’Hudson afin de reprendre le contrôle du commerce de la fourrure et de la traite avec les Sauvages. La conclusion de cette expédition est catastrophique pour ces deux légendaires marchands. On exige la restitution de tous les biens saisis, bateau et fourrures au profit des marchands anglais de la Nouvelle-Angleterre. En 1689, Jean DAIGLE accepte une offre de Pierre Allemand, jeune pilote du bateau de Radisson lors du voyage à la Baie d’Hudson, « pour le transport de bois tant que la navigation sur le fleuve le permettra ».

In fact, Jean DAIGLE dit LALLEMAND was part of a crew of 29 sailors who sailed with Radisson and Des Groseilliers to Hudson Bay in order to take control of the fur trade with the aboriginal people.

Radisson on Wikipedia

This expedition is a catastrophe for our two legendary merchants. The restitution of all the goods seized, ships and fur taken from English merchants is demanded. In 1689, Jean DAIGLE accepted an offer from Pierre Allemand, a young pilot serving on Radisson’ ship during the trip to Hudson Bay, « to transport wood as long as navigation is allowed on the St. Lawrence  ».

C’est le 5 novembre 1685 que cet ancêtre prend pour épouse la fille aînée des voisins, Marie-Anne PROTEAU, native de France, qui déclare être âgée de 19 ans. Et c’est ce document qui nous dévoile les origines européennes de cet ancêtre.

On November 5th, 1685 this ancestor marries Marie-Anne PROTEAU, the eldest daughter of his next door neighbor.  Born in France, she states that she is 19 years-old. It is this document that reveals this ancestor’s European origins.

Le premier enfant du couple DAIGLE-PROTEAU décède quelques jours après sa naissance en novembre 1686. Un deuxième enfant, André, voit le jour le 2 novembre 1688. Puis, entre les années 1691 et 1698, naissent Jacques, Étienne, Jean, Marie et Jean-Baptiste.

The DAIGLE-PROTEAU couple’s first child dies a few days after birth in November 1686. A second child, André, is born on November 2nd, 1688. Then, between 1691 and 1698,  Jacques, Étienne, Jean, Marie and Jean-Baptiste are born.

Le décès de Jean DAIGLE est sous-entendu dans un document notarié du 14 mars 1700 et qui spécifie les conditions d’engagement d’Étienne à Charles Marette de l’Ange-Gardien, près de Beauport. Il est écrit que Marie-Anne PROTEAU « a de son plein gré engagé…pour sept années à commencer dès les fêtes de la Pentecôte dernière passées… » Tout nous laisse croire que Marie-Anne serait devenue veuve le 26 août 1699. Aucun document religieux ou civil n’a été retracé concernant le décès de Jean DAIGLE.

The death of Jean DAIGLE is implicit in a notarized document dated March 14th, 1700 in which the terms of the hiring of Étienne to work for Charles Marette of l’Ange-Gardien, near Beauport. It is written that Marie-Anne PROTEAU « has of her own free will hire… for seven years to start after the feast of the Pentecost… » All this leads us to believe that she became a widow on August 26, 1699. No parish act has been found to find when Jean DAIGLE died.

En juillet 1703, Marie-Anne PROTEAU se remarie avec Pierre VILDAY, originaire d’Espagne. Ce dernier commande l’inventaire des biens de la famille DAIGLE ainsi que la nomination de tuteurs pour les enfants mineurs. En même temps, il loue le domaine du Sieur Jacques Gourdeau. Ce terrain, qui fait face à Québec, est situé sur la pointe de l’île d’Orléans à Sainte-Pétronille. L’inventaire effectué à la maison de Bourg-Royal nous révèle la présence de biens (lit, assiettes, ustensiles, etc.) pouvant convenir seulement qu’à deux personnes. Jusqu’à l’automne de 1708, André DAIGLE et Jacques DAIGLE continuent à vivre à Charlesbourg, mais l’on exige la vente de la maison afin de récupérer les arrérages fonciers accumulés depuis la mort de Jean.

In July 1703, Marie-Anne PROTEAU marries Pierre VILDAY, born in Spain. Pierre takes an inventory of  the Daigle family assets as well as he is responsible in naming the guardians for the minor children. At the same time he rents the domain of Sieur Jacques Gourdeau. This land which is just in front of Québec, is located on the tip of l’île d’Orléans in Sainte-Pétronille. The inventory of the house in Bourg-Royal shows such things as a bed, plates, utensils, etc. but for only two persons. Up until the fall of 1708, André DAIGLE et Jacques DAIGLE continue living in Charlesbourg, but the house has to be sold because of unpaid real estate taxes that had been accumulated since Jean’s death.

Le 20 mars 1716, Pierre VILDAY décède. Par la suite, Marie-Anne PROTEAU s’installe dans la basse-ville de Québec. Elle prend un troisième mari, un français, Nicolas CORNIÈRES. Ce mariage est célébré un mois après celui de sa fille Marie DAIGLE qui a épousé Louis Richard en juillet 1716.

Pierre VILDAY dies on March 20th, 1716, Later, Marie-Anne PROTEAU moves to Quebec City‘s lower town. She marries Nicolas CORNIÈRES, a Frenchman. This marriage takes place one month after her daughter’s marriage when Marie DAIGLE marries Louis Richard in July 1716.

Le 17 décembre 1742, à l’âge de 76 ans, Marie-Anne PROTEAU décède et elle est inhumée le même jour.

On December 17, 1742, at the age of 76, Marie-Anne PROTEAU dies and is buried the same day.

To be continued… next Monday morning.

I told you there was another lesson to be learned with all this.

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22 thoughts on “Étienne d’Aigle dit l’Allemand

  1. Although not related, I really enjoyed reading this write-up. Jean Daigle had a couple neighbors whos names are in my family tree. Who knows, he may have actually know some of my distant relatives.

    Have a nice evening,

    Susan

    • I write because people like you understand why I write so much about our ancestors. It all started with a picture of my great-grandfather I had in the back of my mind. I had to share what I found, and guess I got carried away by people’s response.

  2. Hello Pierre,

    I’ve been under the weather the last few day’s and haven’t had a chance to check my e-mail until now. This has got to be the best day. From the bottom of my heart I thank you for this detective work. I am well aware that other’s need your help too, and I thank them also. I will fill you in from this side backwards and I hope we will meet in the middle.

    • I got your whole message, but I deleted the personal information.
      I will get in touch tomorrow via your e-mail.
      Hope you’re feeling much better.
      I was wondering what had happened.

      Pierre

    • I had written a beautiful reply… then it disappeared.
      I guess I will have to write something on the blog to answer you.
      Stay tuned.

  3. Thanks Pierre!! I am related to Jean Daigle dit L’allemand. I come from the line of his oldest son Andre. You wouldn’t have any information on whether his father George D’Eyme was born in Austria would you?

  4. So Interesting! I am going back and find that my ancestors are Marie and George Daigle. I was unaware that the Daigle name came from Austria. Is this correct?

    • As I translated…

      Jean DAIGLE dit LALLEMAND was the son of predeceased Georges D’EGME and of Marie CHAUVAIN, living in Vienna in Lower Germany, Austria where he was born. Jean DAIGLE is thus the first Austrian who was listed in a census in New France.

  5. Georges D’aigle and his son, Jean, are my DIRECT male bloodline ancestors. George’s being my 9th great grandfather, if I calculated correctly. I have the direct family tree line to present.
    I am really interested in Georges’ ancestry in the Vienna area. Please contact me!!!!
    Charles Louis Daigle, Jr.

      • Thanks for the reply!
        I’m frustrated by the fact that I can’t get further back than George’s. He reportedly was the only one from his family that left Vienna to travel to North America.

      • Frustration is part of genealogy.
        We can’t go further back most of the times.
        This is why I concentrate more on linking living people with their ancestors as you have seen.
        I always shared my research on this blog, and it’s always free of charge.
        I don’t profit moneywise.
        The adds are generated by WordPress, and I don’t get a penny out of it.

        Also people can write on my blog if they want to add their research.
        Writing about our ancestors can be quite addictive.

        Pierre

      • I agree with you. Tracing down our ancestors is addictive. One of these days I hope to get an opportunity to go to Vienna and find the answers.
        Thank you for your help.

      • Pierre: I somehow stumbled onto your blog about Etienne d’Aigle fit l’Allemand. I also believe I am a direct descendent of Georges D’Egme and of Marie Chauvain. This is the family tree that I have been following. I found your blog to be fascinating and would love to here more. How can I follow you? Please let me know because as you know things can get quite confusing. Arthur J. Daigle, Jr.

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