The American Revolution in North Carolina

I hope I am not confusing you with all this story about Chrétien Lemaire who is Arther Myers’ ancestor.

Arther is seen here on a picture.

Arthur Myers

Who’s confused?

This is the original.

Arther and Rose

Lots of information about what happened in North Carolina.

Click here.

I am sure Chrétien Lemaire deserted around September 1780 according to a German researcher,  but the problem is where he deserted.

Did he desert his post in North Carolina?

We know Chrétien Lemaire returned to duty in May 1782, and was demoted from corporal to rifleman.

9.1780: deserted · Hesse-Hanau Fusilier Corps (Chasseurs) 2 · Corporal 

HStAM 10 d Nr. 39(68) → Request page

5.1782: demoted · Hesse-Hanau Fusilier Corps (Chasseurs) 2 · Rifleman
HStAM 10 d Nr. 39(68) → Request page

Click here for the source of that information.

I am not making up this desertion story.

What I found is that the German mercenaries were told when they enlisted that they were going to fight the Indians, not the Americans. I was not able to verify this information, but the morale of these soldiers must have been at their lowest.

Did Chrétien desert his post after being taken prisoner in October 1777?

More information is available here to confuse you more…

Excerpt

On October 14, 1777 Burgoyne calls a counsel of war and discusses the capitulation of his forces which was agreed upon by the senior officers. A armistice was agreed upon by General Gates and Burgoyne until 10:00 AM on October 15th, capitulation to occur at 3:00 PM and grounding of weapons by 5:00 PM. Burgoyne stalls for time and demands from Gates the full honors of war, that the troops would be returned to England, on condition that they would not serve in North America again. A treaty is signed by both commanding Generals, capitulation being changed to convention, on October 17th.

At 10:00 AM on October 17, 1777 the troops of Burgoyne’s army march out with the honors of war, ground their weapons by the river, and begin the 200-mile march to Boston. This convention army consisted of 5,895 men of all ranks – 3,018 British, 2,412 Germans, 465 ‘auxiliaries’ – plus 215 British woman and 82 German woman, an assortment of camp followers, and a menagerie of local wildlife pets of the German troops. The march through Massachusetts, to internment at Winter Hill near Cambridge, took 21 days.

More information is available here.

Excerpt

Under the terms of the convention Burgoyne’s army was to march to Boston, where British ships would transport it back to England, on condition that its members not participate in the conflict until they were formally exchanged. Congress demanded that Burgoyne provide a list of troops in the army so that the terms of the agreement concerning future combat could be enforced. When he refused, Congress decided not to honor the terms of the convention, and the army remained in captivity. The army was kept for some time in sparse camps throughout New England. Although individual officers were exchanged, much of the “Convention Army” was eventually marched south to Virginia, where it remained prisoner for several years.[137] Throughout its captivity, a large number of men (more than 1,300 in the first year alone) escaped and effectively deserted, settling in the United States.[138]

That would explained the lapse of time he spent as a deserter, and then his demotion when he returned in May 1782.