After First Bull Run… Warwick Creek

First Bull Run… Warwick Creek?

Never heard of those places before I heard Alexander Bennett had deserted the Union army in September 12, 1863 after the New York riotings.

I just got curious about him deserting. Then I found out that he was not the only one who did.

He does not have to feel ashamed nor his descendants for that matter.

No way!

What were the battles in which Alexander Bennett took part as a Private in the 2nd Vermont Infantry after First Bull Run?

 4/6/1862, Warwick Creek, VA

    4/16/1862, Lee’s Mill, VA

    6/26/1862, Golding’s Farm, VA

    6/29/1862, Savage’s Station, VA

    6/30/1862, White Oak Swamp, VA

    9/14/1862, Crampton’s Gap, MD

    9/17/1862, Antietam, MD

    12/13/1862, Fredericksburg, VA

    5/3/1863, Marye’s Heights, VA

    5/4/1863, Salem Heights, VA

    6/5/1863, Fredericksburg, VA

    7/3/1863, Gettysburg, Penn.

After the battle of Gettysburg, Alexander Bennett deserted when he was stationed with the 2nd Vermont Infantry around New York to guard against riotings.

Do you remember this from the last post?

Roughly half a million Union soldiers and sailors were foreign-born. Indeed, a large proportion of the immigrants were of military age and there was a higher proportion of males among the foreign-born than in the general population. Proportionally, they could furnish more soldiers than native-born America. The sheer numerical importance of foreign-born recruitment has given rise to a persistent Southern myth that “the majority of Yankee soldiers were foreign hirelings.” However, nothing could be further from the truth. While the foreign-born contribution to the Union cause was crucial and increased with time, it was not as massive as some historians have claimed it to be. In fact, foreign-born men, who accounted for about a quarter of the servicemen, represented roughly 30 percent of the males of military age in the Union states. Immigrants were thus under-represented in the Union forces. Catholics, especially the Irish, were the most under-represented group in proportion to population. This can be explained in part by the Democratic allegiance of a majority of American Catholics and by their opposition to Republican war goals and policy, especially emancipation and conscription. In New York City, Irish resistance to military conscription spawned the infamous draft riot of 1863, which terrorized the city and left at least 105 people dead. To this day, it remains the worst riot in American history.

Seeing what was happening in New York was probably what broke the camel’s back for Alexander Bennett. You have to remember how people were enlisted in the first place…

poster Company G

So what about the battle of Warwick Creek, the second battle Alexander Bennett, a French-Canadian, took part in? 

790px-Yorktown1862

Yorktown

Hard to find information, but I managed to find this.

Civil War battles in Virginia 1862

Other Names: None

Location: York County and Newport News

Campaign: Peninsula Campaign (March-September 1862)

Date(s): April 5-May 4, 1862

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan [US]; Maj. Gen. John B. Magruder and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston [CS]

Forces Engaged: Armies

Estimated Casualties: 320 total

Description:

Marching from Fort Monroe, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s army encountered Maj. Gen. John B. Magruder’s small Confederate army at Yorktown behind the Warwick River. Magruder’s theatrics convinced the Federals that his works were strongly held. McClellan suspended the march up the Peninsula toward Richmond, ordered the construction of siege fortifications, and brought his heavy siege guns to the front. In the meantime, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston brought reinforcements for Magruder. On 16 April, Union forces probed a weakness in the Confederate line at Lee’s Mill or Dam No. 1, resulting in about 309 casualties. Failure to exploit the initial success of this attack, however, held up McClellan for two additional weeks, while he tried to convince his navy to maneuver the Confederates big guns at Yorktown and Gloucester Point and ascend the York River to West Point thus outflanking the Warwick Line. McClellan planned for a massive bombardment to begin at dawn on May 4, but the Confederate army slipped away in the night toward Williamsburg.

Result(s): Inconclusive

I found this information about the battle here. It’s about another Vermont Regiment.

March 10, 1862, the regiment broke camp and entered upon its first field work, the Peninsula campaign.  Embarking at Alexandria on the 23d, it landed at Fortress Monroe on the 24th, and on the 4th of April commenced its march up the Peninsula, arriving in front of the enemy on Warwick Creek on the next day.  On the 6th the regiment was for the first time under fire in support of a battery, during a demonstration made by the division upon the Confederate works.  It was, however, subjected to no loss, and it was not until the 16th of April, at Lee’s Mills, that it received its “baptism of fire.”  On that day the right wing crossed Warwick Creek, through water up to the waist, under a severe and galling fire, and attacked the enemy’s works.  At the moment of success it was decided to abandon the attack and they were ordered to retire.  The loss of the regiment in this battle was 23 killed and mortally wounded, and 57 wounded, the bulk of the loss being from the right wing.  Thereafter the regiment remained in sight of the enemy, doing picket duty, during the remainder of the month of April, with no incident worthy of note, except that on the 29th it made a reconnoissance resulting in a slight skirmish.  Lieut. A. M. Nevins of company G was mortally wounded, and a man in Company K wounded.

I wonder how Alexander Bennett felt after Warwick Creek.

What About French-Canadians During the Civil War?

This link is most interesting.

Preface

This booklet was written in an effort to better acquaint Franco-Americans with their outstanding contribution to American life. Indeed, it is partly up to Canadian historians to reveal this heritage to French Canada’s often neglected and overlooked diaspora. For too long, Franco-Americans have remained the “forgotten Americans.” This study seeks to help remedy this unfortunate oversight.

French America’s past is at the crossroads of Canadian and American history. As such, a brief survey of the growth of Franco-American communities during the Civil War years and of French Canada’s role in the United States’ most violent and costly conflict seemed a good starting point for a more general reflection on the historical place of French Canadians in America.

On the whole, the events surrounding French Canada’s reaction to and participation in the American Civil War also offer an ideal example of the constant interplay between Canada and her great neighbor. As the conflict drew thousands of adventuresome French Canadians south, it also had a profound effect on the constitutional, political, military and intellectual development of Canada. Truly, the Civil War was a crucial event in Canadian history and should be treated as such.

Franco-Americans in the Civil War Era is the first booklet in a bilingual series called “Études sur l’histoire des relations canado-américaines/Studies in the History of Canadian-American Relations” that explores various aspects of the historical relationship between Canada and the United States. The series’ goal is to provide the reader with a more holistic understanding of Canadian and American history.

Indeed, as a Canadian historian, my research has convinced me that our history cannot be studied in a vacuum. The writing of Canadian history must acquire a continental dimension. For too long, Canadian and American scholars have looked at the 49th parallel as if it were something akin to the Great Wall of China. I would argue for a more holistic or continental approach to Canadian and American history. The simple realities of North America proscribe isolationism. A quick glance at a physical map of our continent will reveal far more north-south geographical convergences than divergences. As such, our common border is, in a sense, nothing more than an arbitrary line traced across our continent by nineteenth-century diplomats. On a demographic level, Canada and the United States have never been truly separate entities. The inhabitants of our two great nations have constantly been on the move and have mingled in a most remarkable way. Seventy years ago, about one American in thirty-seven was of Canadian birth or parentage (almost one in three in New Hampshire and a little more than one in four in Maine) and roughly one Canadian in thirteen was of American birth or parentage (around one in four in Alberta and one in five in Saskatchewan).1 Moreover, our economies have been inextricably linked since the mid-nineteenth-century. Finally, on a yearly basis, millions of tourists cross our shared border.

However, despite the tremendous attraction of the United States, Canada has remained independent. In a way, Canada exists in defiance of continentalism. Indeed, it is entirely clear to me that Canada’s greatest achievement has been to resist the cultural, social, demographic, economic and geographic forces that bind our two nations together and remain a separate political entity.

For the sake of clarity and continuity, I have decided to use a certain number of anachronisms in this booklet. During the 1860s, the term Franco-American did not yet exist. Nonetheless, I have used “Franco-American” instead of “French Canadian living in the United States” for obvious reasons. “Quebec” and “Ontario” are used to describe what was then known as the Canadian sections of Canada East and West. “Canada” is used for what was in fact the Province of Canada, which contained the most settled areas of the present day provinces of Quebec and Ontario. “British North America” is used in reference to the totality of the British colonies and possessions in North America as they stood in 1861 (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, the Province of Canada, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Rupert’s Land, and the North West Territories).

This study has benefited from the criticism and encouragement of several scholars. My mother, Janice Kelly-Bélanger and father, Professor Claude Bélanger of Marianopolis College (Montreal), commented on an early draft and offered a great deal of encouragement. Professors Desmond Morton, Gil Troy and Brian Young of McGill University and Professor Pierre Trépanier of the Université de Montréal have also provided me with useful and perceptive comments. My colleague Michel Ducharme offered pertinent and constructive criticism. I would also like to thank Antoine Godin and Dominique Foisy-Geoffroy for their invaluable technical assistance. This study was made possible by a graduate fellowship granted by the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada.

D.-C. Bélanger
Montreal, Quebec
June 24th, 2001

In his introduction, this is most revealing…

Roughly half a million Union soldiers and sailors were foreign-born. Indeed, a large proportion of the immigrants were of military age and there was a higher proportion of males among the foreign-born than in the general population. Proportionally, they could furnish more soldiers than native-born America. The sheer numerical importance of foreign-born recruitment has given rise to a persistent Southern myth that “the majority of Yankee soldiers were foreign hirelings.” However, nothing could be further from the truth. While the foreign-born contribution to the Union cause was crucial and increased with time, it was not as massive as some historians have claimed it to be. In fact, foreign-born men, who accounted for about a quarter of the servicemen, represented roughly 30 percent of the males of military age in the Union states. Immigrants were thus under-represented in the Union forces. Catholics, especially the Irish, were the most under-represented group in proportion to population. This can be explained in part by the Democratic allegiance of a majority of American Catholics and by their opposition to Republican war goals and policy, especially emancipation and conscription. In New York City, Irish resistance to military conscription spawned the infamous draft riot of 1863, which terrorized the city and left at least 105 people dead. To this day, it remains the worst riot in American history.4 

Shaping a Volunteer Army

More about First Bull Run.

This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville. On the 21st, McDowell crossed at Sudley Ford and attacked the Confederate left flank on Matthews Hill. Fighting raged throughout the day as Confederate forces were driven back to Henry Hill. Late in the afternoon, Confederate reinforcements extended and broke the Union right flank. The Federal retreat rapidly deteriorated into a rout. Thomas J. Jackson earned the nom de guerre “Stonewall.” By July 22, the shattered Union army reached the safety of Washington. (source)

Click here.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, the U.S. Army consisted of just 16,000 men — fewer than 200 companies, nearly all of which were stationed west of the Mississippi River. Although made up of trained career soldiers, a force of this size was insufficient for the scale of conflict the Civil War promised to be. Understanding this, upon the bombardment of Fort Sumter by Confederate forces, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to quell the insurrection.

Accommodating such a surge in the ranks would be additionally complicated by the fact that much of the officer corps were Southerners by birth and chose to resign their commissions and throw their lots in with the Confederacy. Of the roughly 820 West Point graduates on active duty at the outbreak of the war, 184 enlisted in Confederate service. Former officers then living as civilians also returned to military service at the outbreak of the war, with 99 of them heading to Richmond.

To fill out the command structure, both sides relied on appointments, often made by state governments to complete their burgeoning regiments of volunteers. Often termed political officers, since they were typically installed by the governor, these men came from a wide variety of backgrounds and, accordingly, were widely divergent in their abilities and successes.

All new soldiers, officers and enlisted men alike, had to learn the basics of military training. Former businessmen, politicians, doctors and lawyers spent their evenings pouring over field manuals and treatises on tactics and other martial matters. Their days were spent on the parade grounds, learning to drill along with their men. For recruits of all ranks and stripes, camp life could be dull; the reality of learning to march and form lines of battle did not match the romanticized imaginings of war they had harbored. Veteran officers insisted these skills, though tedious, could be the difference between life and death on the battlefield, but the green troops found this difficult to believe.

The grim realities of war came home to roost following the First Battle of Manassas. Having now “seen the elephant,” the new soldiers understood that by making the tasks of marching, deploying and firing second nature, they were able to function as a unit. The heat of combat also exposed several other major obstacles for the new fighting forces to overcome.

At this early stage of the war, uniforms for the two sides had not been standardized. Raised by their individual states, many regiments wore uniforms reminiscent of their state militias, creating a veritable rainbow on the battlefield as various units — on both sides — sported elements of navy, royal and sky blue; gray; green; red and gold. In several instances, the friendly fire incidents that resulted from the ensuing confusion had decisive results. In response, the Confederacy put formal dress regulations into effect in September 1861, stating that trousers, jackets, caps and greatcoats should all be gray.

The map of the battle.

First Bull Run

I know very little about the Civil War. The North the South, Lincoln, the Union Army, the Confederate Army…, but then I am only a French Canadian born in the late 1940s.

What I know though is that Alexandre Benoit was a private with the 2nd Vermont Infantry and that he was present at First Bull Run. That’s sufficent enough to get any relative interested in First Bull Run and to start looking at that first battle. I am not related to Alexander Bennett, but then, maybe I am, because I have not found his parents.

This text about First Bull Run is taken from this Website. I will add pictures and hyperlinks as I go alongside Private Benoit.

The Battle of First Manassas   (First Bull Run)

Cheers rang out in the streets of Washington on July 16, 1861 as Gen. Irvin McDowell’s army, 35,000 strong, marched out to begin the long-awaited campaign to capture Richmond and end the war.

Irv_mcdowell

It was an army of green recruits, few of whom had the faintest idea of the magnitude of the task facing them. But their swaggering gait showed that none doubted the outcome. As excitement spread, many citizens and congressman with wine and picnic baskets followed the army into the field to watch what all expected would be a colorful show.

These troops were 90-day volunteers summoned by President Abraham Lincoln after the startling news of Fort Sumter burst over the nation in April 1861.

Call to arms

Called from shops and farms, they had little knowledge of what war would mean. The first day’s march covered only five miles, as many straggled to pick blackberries or fill canteens.

McDowell’s lumbering columns were headed for the vital railroad junction at Manassas. Here the Orange and Alexandria Railroad met the Manassas Gap Railroad, which led west to the Shenandoah Valley. If McDowell could seize this junction, he would stand astride the best overland approach to the Confederate capital.

On July 18 McDowell’s army reached Centreville. Five miles ahead a small meandering stream named Bull Run crossed the route of the Union advance, and there guarding the fords from Union Mills to the Stone Bridge waited 22,000 Southern troops under the command of Gen. Pierre G.T. Beauregard.

Fort-Sumter-PGT-Beauregard-9

McDowell first attempted to move toward the Confederate right flank, but his troops were checked at Blackburn’s Ford. He then spent the next two days scouting the Southern left flank. In the meantime, Beauregard asked the Confederate government at Richmond for help. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, stationed in the Shenandoah Valley with 10,000 Confederate troops, was ordered to support Beauregard if possible. Johnston gave an opposing Union army the slip and, employing the Manassas Gap Railroad, started his brigades toward Manassas Junction. Most of Johnston’s troops arrived at the junction on July 20 and 21, some marching directly into battle.

Joejohns

On the morning of July 21, McDowell sent his attack columns in a long march north towards Sudley Springs Ford. This route took the Federals around the Confederate left. To distract the Southerners, McDowell ordered a diversionary attack where the Warrenton Turnpike crossed Bull Run at the Stone Bridge. At 5:30a.m. the deep-throated roar of a 30-pounder Parrott rifle shattered the morning calm, and signaled the start of the battle.

McDowell’s new plan depended on speed and surprise, both difficult with inexperienced troops. Valuable time was lost as the men stumbled through the darkness along narrow roads. Confederate Col. Nathan Evans, commanding at the Stone Bridge, soon realized that the attack on his front was only a diversion. Leaving a small force to hold the bridge, Evans rushed the remainder of his command to Matthews Hill in time to check McDowell’s lead unit. But Evans’ force was too small to hold back the Federals for long. Soon brigades under Barnard Bee and Francis Bartow marched to Evans’ assistance. But even with these reinforcements, the thin gray line collapsed and Southerners fled in disorder toward Henry Hill. Attempting to rally his men, Bee used Gen. Thomas J. Jackson’s newly arrived brigade as an anchor.

jackson

Pointing to Jackson, Bee shouted, “There stands Jackson like a stone wall! Rally behind the Virginians!” Generals Johnston and Beauregard then arrived on Henry Hill, where they assisted in rallying shattered brigades and redeploying fresh units that were marching to the point of danger.

About noon, the Federals stopped their advance to reorganize for a new attack. The lull lasted for about an hour, giving the Confederates enough time to reform their lines. Then the fighting resumed, each side trying to force the other off Henry Hill. The battle continued until just after 4p.m., when fresh Southern units crashed into the Union right flank on Chinn Ridge, causing McDowell’s tired and discouraged soldiers to withdraw.

At first the withdrawal was orderly. Screened by the regulars, the three-month volunteers retired across Bull Run, where they found the road to Washington jammed with the carriages of congressmen and others who had driven out to Centreville to watch the fight. Panic now seized many of the soldiers and the retreat became a rout. The Confederates, though bolstered by the arrival of President Jefferson Davis on the field just as the battle was ending, were too disorganized to follow up on their success. Daybreak on July 22 found the defeated Union army back behind the bristling defenses of Washington.

That was Alexander Bennett first taste of battle. His commander was captured.

I told you all about him last time.

John Theophilus Drew, Captain of 2nd Vermont Infantry Company G

I edited this poster I found on the Internet.

poster 2nd Vermont Infantry

I had to have the name of the captain who was in charge of Company G.

I found his name here and his obituary.

Obituary

John Theophilus Drew, UVM Class of 1863 was bom in Danville, Vt., 8 June 1834, the son of Gilman L. and Cynthia (Ward) Drew. The family removed to Barton in 1841. At the age of fourteen a severe illness left him with lung troubles and unable to do farm work for two or three years. At the age of seventeen John T. went to Barton to attempt work in a clothing store. The confinement and hard work were more than he could endure. He was advised that his lungs must have fresh air, and he tried selling jewelry from trunks strapped over his shoulders. Ere long he found he had not strength for this, and in September 1851, on being told that he must soon die, he dropped his trunks, took the cars for New Bedford and presented himself at the recruiting office of a whale ship and that night slept upon the deck of the ship. In April 1855 he returned home in the same ship after compassing most of the seas of the earth, in better health than he had had for many years.

With some encouragement from President Pease and Rev. Mr. Ferrin of Hinesburgh he went to the latter place in the fall of 1856, studied at the academy under A.E. Leavenworth [1856], and entered the University in 1857.

On the breaking out of the rebellion in April 1861, at the first public call in Burlington for volunteers, he enlisted, threw his whole energies into the work of enlisting others, was chosen and commissioned as captain of Company G, Second regiment. The regiment arrived in Washington and was ordered across the Potomac just in season to take part in the first battle of Bull Run. Capt. Drew was suffering from illness but could not be kept in camp. In endeavoring to follow the retreating rabble of the Union army he was taken prisoner, carried to Richmond, Libby Prison, Salisbury, Columbia and Charleston, whence he was exchanged in the summer of 1862 after fourteen months imprisonment. As soon as sufficiently recruited he resumed his studies as best he could, brought up the deficient topics, took the examinations at the University and received his degree of A. B. in 1863. He soon after enlisted in the reserve corps and was assigned to command at the hospital in Montpelier, which post he held till the hospital was broken up after the close of the war.

About the time of going to Montpelier he married Lucy Lovell of Burlington. Afterwards he engaged in mercantile business at Montpelier and at Rutland, did some work as an editor, traveled in Canada, the United States, through Central Europe, and down the Danube, writing very interesting letters for the New York Times. Then he studied law and did business mainly in Washington, D. C, successfully prosecuting claims for patents, pensions and war damages. For a few years previous to his death he resided in Burlington, carrying on his business chiefly in the larger cities of the country. He was attacked in the city of New York 8 October 1879 with inflammation of the brain, and judging from the first that it would end his life, he hastened home, anxious chiefly to reach his house before consciousness was gone. He arrived as he had hoped, and died 16 October 1879.

His activity of body and brain and his facility of various work have seldom been equaled. The incidents and varied fortunes and adventures of his life, if they could be told, would make a marvellous story. His flashing impulses often landed him in error or danger, and then back into the straight way and upon safe ground as suddenly. His many quick and changeful courses often threw him across the paths of others and made him enemies everywhere. His quick sense of justice and his generosity in time satisfied most of those that were worthy of his friendship. These impulses were often a source of danger to his habits, social relations, and Christian spirit. But many friends trusted the essential integrity of his purpose and made allowance for his impulsive nature. His wife and two daughters survived him.

Source: Obituary Record, University of Vermont, No. 1. 1895. Committee of the Associate Alumni, Burlington, 1895, p. 127.

So this is a poster Alexander Bennett could have seen in Hinesburg in 1861.

poster Company G

We will never know if Alexander Bennett discussed his enlistment with Louisa Janvier. What we know for sure is how many battles he was in.

Nine battles. Nine battles before he deserted after his regiment was stationed near New York to guard against the riotings.

Riotings?

In New York?

632px-New_York_Draft_Riots_-_fighting

Harpers_Weekly_cartoon_-_escape_draft

New_York_Draft_Riots_-_Harpers_-_beating

New_York_Draft_Riots_-_Harpers_-_clash

New_York_Draft_Riots_-_Harpers_-_lynching New_York_Draft_Riots_-_Harpers_-_ruins New_York_Draft_Riots_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16960 New_York_Draft_Riots_Harpers_colored_asylum NYRiot Provost-Guard-Attacking-the-Rioters

To know more, click here.

I believe Alexander Bennett could not stand the violence and the bloodshed anymore.

Alexandre Benoit 1835-1908

Alexandre Benoit, Anna Bennett’s father, is the same man who enlisted on May 7th, 1861, in the 2nd Vermont Infantry.

Alexander Bennett report

This is the marriage certificate that links Alexander Benoit to Louise Janvier.

marriage 1857

Lewisa Janviere aka Louisa Janvier aka Louisa Jonvier aka Louise January married Alexandre Benoit aka Alexander Bennett on November 16, 1857, in Vergennes, Vermont.

Alexander Benoit’s residence was Hinesburg.

We find this same couple on July 18th, 1860, in Hinseburg, the same place Alexander Bennett enlisted on May 7th, 1861.

1860 U.S. Census

Alex and Louisa have two children. Louisa 2 years-old and Fred is 5 months-old.

1860 U.S. Census zoom

Louisa was born in Monkton, Vermont, in 1858. Her mother Louisa’s birthplace is Vergennes. Her father’s birthplace is Canada. Alexis (sic) is a farmer.

Louisa Bennett

Fred is the other child, but I strongly believe he is Alexander seen in the 1880 U.S. Census.

1880UnitedStatesFederalCensus_282020496

The family has grown since 1860.

1880 Bennett family

Louisa Bennett is not there anymore because she has married Antoine Tatro on September 28, 1875. 

marriage Antoine Tatro and Louise Bennett

Antoine Tatro is in fact Antoine Tétreault and he was born in St-Pie-de-Bagot according to the marriage act. He is a blacksmith from Enosburg Falls.

Antoine Tatro

Fred or Alexander (1860) is living with his parents in 1880 as well as Amos (1862), Rosa (1866), Mary (1870), Anna (1874), William’s mother, and Baby Bennett. 

Alexander will marry Sarah Hamill in 1912.

Alexander Bennett and Sarah Hamil

It has to be little Fred from the 1860 census. His parents’ birthplace is Fraserville, Nova Scotia, but I totally disagree since Nova Scotia was not part of Canada in 1858 when Louisa was born.

Louisa Bennett

I wonder who told that information to the clerk.

Rosa or Rosana Benoit will marry George Auger on October 24, 1887.

Rosanna Bennett and George Auger

Mary is Mary King who married three times.

Again the father’s birthplace is wrong.

Mary Bennett death 10 January 1946

Anna is Anna Benoit who married Lawrence Austin (Laurent Ostiguy dit Domingue).

Lawrence Austin and Annie Bennett marriage

I have not found any information on Baby Bennett except that it was born on February 4, 1880, in Hinesburg.

This fact is important because Alexander Bennett returned to Hinseburg after the Civil War.

Here again we see that the father is said to be from Canada.

Baby Bennett birth female 1880 4 February 1880

I lose track of this family in 1890, but Alexander Bennett and Louisa Janvier appear in the 1900 U.S. Census.

They live in Vergennes. Alexander is a mason. Remember the death certificate where Alexander Bennett’s occupation was mason.

1900 Alexander Benoit Clara Louise

Well Alexander Bennett is a mason in 1900.

He will die on October 10, 1908 from pneumonia.

Alexander Bennett death certificate 10 October 1908

In that document we see that someone told the clerk that Alexander Bennett was born in Canada and that his parents were also from Canada.

Who were they? There is only one clue found here.

His mother’s name… Sov!

Sov… Sovie… Sovey… Sauve… Sauvé?

Could his parents be Pierre Benoit and Catherine Sauvé?

I know you will come back for the epilog before we start following Alexander Bennett in 9 battles in the Civil War.

Is He Alexandre Benoit?

Is this the death certificate of Alexander Bennett who enlisted in Hinesburg on May 7th, 1861?

Alexander Bennett death certificate 10 October 1908

Is this information found on the site reliable?

Bennett, Alexander, Age: 20, cred. Hinesburg, VT; service: enl 5/7/61, m/i 6/20/61, Pvt, Co. G, 2nd VT INF, dsrtd 9/12/63  Born: 01/12/1835, Unknown; Died: 10/10/1908; Buried: Saint Peters Cemetery, Vergennes, VT (not found)

I won’t let you vote on this.

Alexander Bennett and Alexandre Benoit are the same person.

Too many clues point to Teresa’s distant ancestor.

Even though Alexandre Benoit deserted the Union Army on September 12, 1863, we don’t have to pass judgment on his actions without knowing about the Civil War.

Next time, we will go back in time in 1857, in a little place called Vergennes, Vermont.